Arthroscopy Indications and Diagnosis

Arthroscopy Indications

Hip Arthroscopy may be indicated for the following reasons:

  • Debridement of loose bodies : Bone chips or torn cartilage debris cause hip pain and decreased range of motion and can be removed with hip arthroscopy
  • Removal of adhesions : Adhesions are areas of built up scar tissue that can limit movement and cause pain
  • Repair of torn labrum : The labrum lines the outer edge of the “socket” or acetabulum to ensure a good fit. Tears can occur in the labrum causing hip pain
  • Removal of bone spurs : Extra bone growth caused by injury or arthritis that damages the ends of the bones cause pain and limited joint mobility
  • Partial synovectomy : Removal of portions of the inflamed synovium (joint lining) in patients with inflammatory arthritis can help to decrease the patient’s pain. However, a complete synovectomy requires an open, larger hip incision
  • Debridement of joint surfaces : Conditions such as arthritis can cause the breakdown of tissue or bone in the joint
  • Repair after trauma : Repair of fractures or torn ligaments caused by trauma
  • Evaluation and diagnosis : Patients with unexplained pain, swelling, stiffness and instability in the hip that is unresponsive to conservative treatment may undergo hip arthroscopy for evaluation and diagnosis of their condition

Diagnosis

Hip conditions should be evaluated by an orthopaedic surgeon for proper diagnosis and treatment. Your surgeon will perform the following:

  • Medical history
  • Physical examination

Diagnostic studies may include:

  • X-ray
  • MRI

X-ray

A form of electromagnetic radiation that is used to take pictures of bones.

MRI

Magnetic and radio waves are used to create a computer image of soft tissue such as nerves and ligaments.

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